The ancient Garabagh - is the heart of Azerbaijan, the land that gave the country a lot of talented people - scientists, poets, writers, musicians. Garabagh is a unique natural landscapes also listed in the list of natural monuments of the country.
Garabagh - the land of plenty, one of the oldest regions of Azerbaijan, which was once located popular Garabagh Khanate- with center of the Shusha city. The region is rich with historical and architectural monuments. Here was born one of the colorful types of Azeri carpets - "Garabagh", was bred famous sort of Garabagh horses. The edge of such a nature could not give the land of Azerbaijan talented poets, writers, musicians. The most famous performers of mugam (national song genre) - have come from Garabagh.
Forest area occupy 6856 km.There are a lot of relict trees: oaks, hornbeams, garagaches, walnut, sycamore. The fauna includes wolves, foxes, jackals, wild boar, rabbit, pheasant, goose, etc. francolins. For tourists there is a possibility to organize hunting and fishing.
Natural conditions allow the population to grow melons, cotton and planting crops.
The region before to the collapse of the Soviet Union was the All-Union Sanatorium and a popular resort as land, rich in healing mineral springs. In 1988, Armenia and Azerbaijan conflict arose over the status of Nagorno-Karabakh region, which was part of the Azerbaijan SSR. Since 1992, the negotiations on the conflict settlement, which include the four UN Security Council resolutions: 30 April 29 July, 14 October and 12 November 1993, which confirmed the territorial integrity of Azerbaijan and adopted the wording of "Nagorno Karabakh region of Azerbaijan Republic" .
It should be noted that the natural landscape, historical and architectural monuments and communication network of Nagorno-Karabakh and the surrounding districts occupied by Armenia, were partially destroyed, and the region's tourism infrastructure has been completely destroyed. Accordingly, the following cities: Agdam, Shusha, Khankendi, Kelbajar, located in the conflict zone are not currently
Distance from Baku - 362 km. Agdam in the old days was one of the larger towns located on the Karabakh plain. The ancient Turkish word "Agdam" means "little castle" . This is due to the fact that one of Karabakh Khans - Panahali - in the XVIII century built a house of white stone. It was a whole complex of harmonic structures - imaret of white stone, which secured the city its name.
On the territory of Agdam region preserved many architectural monuments. This mausoleum Khanoglan (XVİİ c), caravanserai (XVIII century) in the village Shahbulag mosque (XVİİ c), the palace and the mausoleum Panahali - Khan; Mausoleum "Gutlu Musaoglu" (XIV c) in the village Khachin Turbatli, two mausoleums and a mosque in the village of Paparavend, cave temple, carved out on the northern slope of Mount Bozdag Christian period of Caucasian Albania and others.
Shusha located from Baku - 373 km. Town's name owes beautifully clean and transparent air of the land. "Shusha" means "glass" (Azerbaijanis usually clean air with transparent glass). This is one of the most beautiful cities of Azerbaijan, blessed by nature with unique springs and mineral springs - Isa Bulag, Turshsu, Sakina Bulag, Isti Bulag, Soyug Bulag, Yuz Bulag, Girkh Bulag etc..
The birth and subsequent prosperity of the town are connected to strengthening the power of the Karabakh khanate in the XVIII century. With the two sides remained in Shusha once powerful fortifications. And the beginning of the city put Garabag ruler
Panahali Khan. He built a fortress here and named it Panakhabad (1756-1757 .). Later it was renamed by name nearby villages of Shusha. Panahali Khan also built other fortresses in Karabakh: Bayat, Shahbulag and reinforced the fortress of Askeran.
In the XVIII century Shusha emerged as one of the most important towns of Azerbaijan. Within the construction of a large powerful fortress walls were numerous quarters of craftsmen. Shusha merchants traded with the cities of Iran, Moscow, the city minted silver coin "Panakhabad." A beautiful city, located high in the mountains, admired by travelers. "Its houses are regular, beautiful, tall and lit through numerous fine windows.
The quarters had indoor galleries with stone pillars, market squares were large and the city's main square - Meydan - housed rows of shops, two-story caravanserai, there was also a cathedral mosque with two minarets.
At the edge of the city survived the field of races - "Jidir duzu." It was located near the deep canyon Dashalti. Down to the river Dashalti flowing along the bottom of the gorge are steep stair step "Girkh pilyakyan" ("forty steps). There is also a mysterious cave" Khazin Gala "(" Fortress Treasure ").
The city is also called "Conservatory of the East". Shusha is a hometown to many prominent Azerbaijani singers, musicians, great composers and conductors: Jabbar Garyagdy, Gurban Primova, Bulbul, Seyid Shusha, Shusha Khan, Rashid Behbudov, Uzeir Hajibeyov, Niyazi, Fikret Amirov, Suleyman Aleskerov born here prominent Azerbaijani writer S. Akhundov, A.Agverdiev, Vezirov, poetess Natavan, poet Kasumbek Zakir, sculptors and painters T. Narimanbekov, Dj..Garyagdyi others.
Located near Shusha is the town of Khankendi, first mentioned in written sources IX century. It was founded by the Turkish tribes, whose name was initially the name of the city - Varanda. At the end of the XVIII century, the son of Panahali Khan, Mehdi Kuli Khan built at this place a large settlement and called it Khankendi (Khan's village), and then gave it to his wife Peridjan Begim. In 1923 the town was renamed to Stepanakert (in honor of the revolutionary Stepan Shaumyan), but after the collapse of the USSR, Azerbaijan gained its independence, the city was returned to its original name.
Kelbajar district is located on the slopes of the Lesser Caucasus. Its administrative center - Kelbajar, which means "high pass", "high ground." Distance from Baku - 445 km
The area is famous for its mineral springs, including thermal ones. The most famous mineral water - Istisu ("hot water") - gave its name to a local resort. And on the banks of the river Tartar (31 sources). According to their chemical composition, they are almost identical or even superior to the world-famous water Czech Karlovy Vary