According to the State Statistics Committee of Azerbaijan, in 2009 in the area lived 89 827 people, of which 44,012 men and 45,815 women.
According to the State Statistics Committee of Azerbaijan in 2009, the national composition of the area was as follows:
- Azerbaijanis - 65 349 people. (72.75%)
- Avars - 23,874 people. (26.58%)
- Russian - 128 people. (0.14%)
- Lezgins - 91 people. (0.10%)
- Georgians - 38 people. (0.04%)
- Tsakhurs - 34 people. (0.04%)
- Turks - 28 people. (0.03%)
- Tatars - 11 people. (0.01%)
- Others - 274 people. (0.31%)
|How to get|
By bus - Scheduled bus Baku-Balaken – 10 hours, Ganja- Balaken; By train - Baku- Balaken – 12 hours
|Historical and archeological monuments|
FORTRESS PERI - built in 5-7 century, on a par with a large wall in the direction Gumbulchay in Hun transition, in order to protect from attack Hun tribes.
The remains of a big wall belonging to the Sassanian period - located north of the main road Baku-Balakan - Katekh. The width of the wall at the foot of 1.5 m height was 4-5 m. The wall was built after the invasion of Sassanid on Azerbaijan( 5-7 century) on the orders of the governor Kubad 1 and Khosrow Anushirwan, in order to protect the state from attacks mountaineers and Huns.
DARVOZ CHURCH - is located on the left side of the river Alazan, on the flat part in the middle of the forest Tugai. The temple is located in the south at 15-16 km from the center of Balakan region in Darvazbine about great plains Gadzharchel.
The temple complex ARALYGBINA-Albanian church - located at the foot of the mountain, to the north on the right side of the main road in the direction of Georgia. The temple is located in the West, 5 km from the district center, 1 km to the north of the road. The area of the temple is about 4 hectares in which are preserved some parts of the church building, which was built of brick, remains of buildings, including the grave.
FORTRESS GUL (flower) - is located in a. Magamalar on the right side of the river Belokan. Built in the shape of a flower, octagonal.
CAVE named Noho - is located 18 kilometers north of the regional center on the rock Gubek. It refers to the Iron Age. The cave can only be reached by climbing a rock with climbing facilities.
Mosque with a minaret - is in the center city of Belaken. It was built in 1867-1877 / The height of the minaret- 45 meters.
Balaken, located at the foot of the mountains, being one of the most beautiful corners of Azerbaijan, stands out for its charming nature, rich in flora, fauna. Most of the Zagatala reserve, known rare nature up mountains Balaken. Katekh Falls, is a miracle of nature is also located here. Balaken district is located in the north-west of Azerbaijan, at an altitude of 372 m above sea level, at the slope of the Greater Caucasus mountain range, in the valley Alazan-Haftaran .. Balaken geographical position, its rich nature, flora and fauna create positive conditions for tourism development. The main rivers of the district Katehchay, Balakenchay, Mazymchay Alazanchay. The mountains are mainly the forest. In the north, they extend to alpine plains.
|Information about region|
Balaken district - the most northwestern district in the Republic. In the west and in the south the district is bounded with Georgia. "Balaken" word -for word envisages "sall village". Approximately half of the area territory lies in mountain locality, another part - at plain. In the district, there are many mountain rivers, lake spread out nerby Katekh Mountain. For the northern, mountain part of the area specifically to have cold climate, for plains - moderate. mid yearly level of humidity comprise 41%. Mid monthly temperature +13 C. In the northern part of the region there is woodland, there grow such trees as grab, alber, oak, chestnut, acacia, out of brushwood-strawberry, dog-rose and etc. There are more than 30 types of medicinal herds. Balaken area occupies two third territory of the Zagatala National Park.
In the district, you may found out numerous historical and architectural monuments. Among them: albanian temple of IX-X centuries allocated in 18-19 km of the west of district center, Peri tower of XII-XIII centuries in Gullar village; mosque with unusual the highest minaret of XVII-XIX centuries in Balaken city; memorial of Iron Age - Nokho cave on Gubek mountain; Pir (sanctuary) and ruins of living place of V-VIII centuries having been allocated beneath the mountain in 2 km to the west of Mahamalar village; jug burial dated by II-I centuries B.C. being situated in 1 km to the north of Mahamalar village; underground impoundment and mosque of 1780- in Gullar village; mosque of XVIII century, tower of XIX century and two ancient temples in Katekh village; mausoleum of XIV century in Tulu village; mosque of 1910 in Ititala village; temple of XIV century in Mazimchay village; medieval large city being allocated at Meklakan mountain. In Museum of regional studies, there are being showed historical-cultural values, products of traditional handcrafts and other exhibits.
In the area there are developed handicrafts such as ceramic occupancy, products being manufactured from copper, manufacturing of tracery timber lattices - shebeke, cutting on wood, tanning and "tambour seam" handicraft being rare in Azerbaijan - type of embroidery, under which being on dark background, one may perform complicated fanciful pattern with silky bright threads.
The district center - Balaken city. In the city there is park being occupied 7,5 Hectares of the area.
1. Autoexcursion with a geological orientation to a place of mountain development of polymetallic ores on Filizchay deposit in Balaken area.
2. Avia-excursion flight of Balakan area by planes:
- АN-2 / 10 passengers + 2 members of crew /
- ЯК-52 / 1 passenger + 1 pilot-instructor/
From air station of former DOSAAF in Tulu settlement.